The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is still new, but the possibilities are increasing a lot in it. Given the government’s focus on the Digital India program, the demand for trained professionals in fields like Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things (IOT) and Robotics will increase rapidly in the coming days. Microsoft’s Bill Gates believes that the field of artificial intelligence has only just begun.
For the past few years, artificial intelligence has been in constant discussion for various reasons and issues. Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science whose job is to create intelligent machines. Recently, the government’s think tank NITI Aayog and Google have agreed that both aim to promote India’s emerging artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) ecosystem. Will work together on several initiatives, which will help in building an artificial intelligence ecosystem in the country. NITI Aayog has been developing technologies like AI and preparing a national program for research. With this aim NITI Aayog is developing a National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence with the National Data and Analytics Portal,
In general, artificial intelligence & machine learning are considered synonymous, but this is not the case. The difference between them is further clarified, so that confusion does not arise.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
In simple words, Artificial Intelligence means to develop the ability to think and make decisions in a machine. Artificial intelligence is considered to be the most advanced form of computer science and in this a mind is made in which a computer can think … a computer brain, which can think like humans.
Where is it being used?
It will not be an exaggeration if the present era is called the period of experiments being done on Artificial Intelligence.
Major Applications of Artificial Intelligence
- Computer Gaming
- Natural Language Processing
- Expert System
- Vision System
- Speech Recognition
- Intelligent Robot
Furthermore, running a very complex system… to prepare new drugs… to discover new chemicals… from the mining industry to space… from the stock market to insurance companies… there is no such area of human life left without the interference of artificial intelligence.
Let’s try to understand it with this example…
- Today, the movement of airplanes around the world is dependent on computers. Which plane will pass when, which way…where will it deliver the goods…all these are decided by machines . That is, artificial intelligence is being used for air traffic control.
This means that the work which takes more time for a person to do or the work which is difficult and complex , can be dealt with in a jiffy with the help of these mechanical minds.
|Prospects of Artificial Intelligence in India
Efforts being made by the government
7-Point Strategy on Artificial Intelligence
Developing methods for human and machine interaction.
Caution is also Needed,
AI will bring about a massive change in the way we live and work. Techniques like robotics and virtual reality will revolutionize the way production and manufacturing are done. According to a study by the University of Oxford, 1.5 million jobs will be lost in the US alone in the next two decades.
We may have to deal with the challenges of employment in the world of artificial intelligence, but the biggest threat will be difficult to avoid. So it is clear that there are as many dangers as there are advantages from machines with artificial intelligence. Experts say that if intelligent robots start considering humans as their enemies for some reason or circumstance, then there can be a danger to humanity. All machines and weapons can rebel. Such a situation has been imagined in a Hollywood movie like ‘Terminator’.
Becoming Intelligent Robots
The latest invention of this time shows the intelligence of artificial intelligence machines. With the help of artificial intelligence, robots are made effective and intelligent. These types of robots have made their place in many big companies abroad and in the country and are doing such work, which workers and technical workers experience a lot of difficulty in doing.
|Saudi Arabia’s Intelligent Robot Sofia
Sofia has come to India: When Asia’s biggest Tech Fest-2017 was in Mumbai, then Robot Sofia also came in its telefest. Sophia adopted the Indian style in this program and wore a white and orange sari in Indian costume in this program. Sofia greeted the people present there by saying ‘Namaste India, I am Sofia’. In Tech Fest-2017, thousands were curious about how Sophia talks and answers questions. Sofia answered all the questions very cleverly and effectively. Sophia spoke in Hindi to the people who were present there.
Conclusion: The concept of Artificial Intelligence is quite old. There are stories related to the concept of ‘mechanical man’ in Greek myths i.e. a person who imitates some of our behavior. Early European computers were designed as ‘logical machines’, that is, they were used as mechanical brains by developing skills such as basic maths, memory. But as technology went ahead and calculations became more complex, so did the concept of AI. Under this, an attempt was made to develop them like humans, so that they could be able to do more and more tasks in such a way that humans do.